How to Hit an Approach Shot in Tennis: Technique, Strategy, and Drills

Tennis is a game of strategy and precision, and mastering the approach shot is a key component to winning matches. An approach shot is a groundstroke that is hit with the intention of closing in on the net, often following a well-placed serve or deep groundstroke. A well-executed approach shot can put pressure on your opponent and give you the opportunity to finish the point at the net.

In this article, we’ll go through the steps to hit an approach shot effectively, including footwork and positioning, grip and swing technique, shot placement and strategy, practice drills and exercises, and mental preparation. With these tips and techniques, you’ll be able to improve your approach shot and take your tennis game to the next level.

Footwork and Positioning

Footwork and positioning are crucial elements to hitting a successful approach shot in tennis. Proper footwork and positioning allow you to move quickly and efficiently to the ball, set up your shot, and maintain balance and control throughout the stroke.

The first step to proper footwork is to move toward the ball as soon as possible after it has been hit by your opponent. You should take quick, small steps toward the ball while keeping your eyes on it at all times. As you approach the ball, you should prepare your racket by holding it with both hands and getting it into the proper grip for your shot.

Once you’re in a position to hit the approach shot, you should position yourself to the side of the ball, with your non-dominant foot slightly ahead of your dominant foot. This will allow you to transfer your weight forward as you hit the ball, creating power and momentum. You should also keep your knees slightly bent and your body low to the ground, which will give you greater stability and balance.

It’s important to remember that your footwork and positioning should be tailored to the type of approach shot you’re hitting. For example, if you’re hitting a slice approach shot, you may need to move laterally across the court to get into the proper position. Similarly, if you’re hitting an approach shot on the run, you may need to use a split step to regain your balance before hitting the ball.

By focusing on proper footwork and positioning, you can set yourself up for success and hit a more effective approach shot in tennis. Practice drills and exercises that emphasize footwork and positioning can help you develop these skills and incorporate them into your game.

Grip and Swing Technique

In addition to footwork and positioning, the proper grip and swing technique are essential to hitting a successful approach shot in tennis.

First, it’s important to choose the right grip for your shot. The continental grip is the most common grip used for approach shots as it provides the ability to generate power and control while still maintaining a good feel for the ball. To grip the racket with a continental grip, place your dominant hand on the racket handle with the base knuckle of your index finger resting on the third bevel of the handle. Your non-dominant hand should then be placed above your dominant hand on the handle.

Once you have the proper grip, it’s time to focus on the swing technique. As you approach the ball, you should take a small backswing, positioning the racket behind your back shoulder. Then, as you move forward towards the ball, swing the racket forward and upward, making contact with the ball at or just in front of your front foot. As you make contact, be sure to follow through with the swing, extending your arm and racket toward the target.

It’s important to remember that the swing technique for an approach shot should be more compact than that of a groundstroke or serve. You should aim to hit the ball with a shorter, more compact swing to maintain control and accuracy.

Practicing your grip and swing technique through drills and exercises can help you develop consistency and confidence in your approach shots. Incorporating these techniques into your game will allow you to hit more effective approach shots and put pressure on your opponents.

Shot Placement and Strategy

In addition to footwork, positioning, grip, and swing technique shot placement and strategy are also important when hitting an approach shot in tennis.

The goal of an approach shot is to set yourself up for a volley or an overhead smash, so shot placement is crucial. Aim to hit the ball deep and towards the sidelines to make it difficult for your opponent to return the ball with power. Additionally, try to hit the ball low over the net to minimize the angle your opponent has to work with and make it easier for you to follow up with a volley or smash.

When it comes to strategy, it’s important to think ahead and anticipate your opponent’s next move. A well-placed approach shot can put pressure on your opponent and force them to hit a defensive shot, allowing you to move forward to the net and control the point. However, if your opponent is in a strong position to return the ball, it may be better to hit a defensive shot instead of going for a winner.

Incorporating shot placement and strategy into your approach shot can make you a more effective player and increase your chances of winning the point. It’s important to practice and refine these skills through drills and match play to become more comfortable and confident with them on the court.

Practice Drills and Exercises

To improve your approach shot in tennis, there are several practice drills and exercises that can help you refine your technique and develop your skills.

  1. Cone Drill: Set up cones on the court in a zigzag pattern and practice hitting approach shots towards each cone. This will help you work on your footwork and shot placement.
  2. Half-Volley Drill: Have a partner hit a ball to you at the service line, and practice hitting a half-volley approach shot towards the net. This will help you improve your timing and control when hitting the ball on the rise.
  3. Shadow Swing: Practice your approach shot technique without a ball by performing shadow swings. This can help you focus on your footwork and swing path.
  4. Cross-Court Drill: Hit approach shots cross-court to your partner and practice moving forward to the net for the volley. This drill can help you improve your shot placement and footwork.
  5. Game Simulation: Play practice matches and incorporate your approach shot into your strategy. This will help you get more comfortable with hitting the shot under pressure and in real-match situations.

Incorporating these drills and exercises into your practice routine can help you develop your approach shot technique and improve your overall game. Remember to focus on proper technique, shot placement, and strategy during your practice sessions to maximize your improvement.

Mental Preparation

Mental preparation is an important aspect of hitting an approach shot in tennis. It can help you stay focused and confident during a match and make the most of your practice time. Here are some tips for improving your mental preparation for hitting an approach shot:

  1. Visualize Success: Visualize yourself hitting successful approach shots in your mind. This can help you build confidence and prepare mentally for the shot.
  2. Stay Positive: Stay positive and avoid negative self-talk. If you miss a shot, try to focus on what you can do better next time instead of dwelling on the mistake.
  3. Control Your Breathing: Take deep breaths to help calm your nerves and stay focused. This can also help you stay relaxed and avoid tension in your body when hitting the shot.
  4. Develop a Routine: Develop a pre-shot routine that includes visualizing the shot, taking deep breaths, and preparing your body and mind for the shot. This routine can help you stay focused and mentally prepared for each shot.
  5. Stay in the Present Moment: Focus on the present moment and avoid thinking about past mistakes or future outcomes. This can help you stay focused on the task at hand and make the most of each shot.

By incorporating these mental preparation strategies into your practice routine, you can improve your mental toughness and increase your chances of hitting successful approach shots in a match. Remember that mental preparation is just as important as physical preparation when it comes to tennis.


In conclusion, hitting an approach shot in tennis requires not only physical skills but also mental preparation. By improving your footwork and positioning, grip and swing technique, shot placement and strategy, practicing drills and exercises, and developing mental toughness, you can increase your chances of hitting successful approach shots. Remember to stay positive, control your breathing, develop a routine, and stay in the present moment to help you stay focused and mentally prepared during a match. With consistent practice and mental preparation, hitting an approach shot can become a reliable weapon in your tennis game.

Leave a Comment